Title: Gene-expression assays to tailor adjuvant endocrine therapy for HR+/HER2- breast cancer

Publication: Clin Cancer Res OF1–OF11, May 2024

Authors: Bottosso et al.


Adjuvant endocrine therapy represents the standard of care for almost all HR+/HER2- breast cancers and different agents and durations are currently available. In this context, the tailoring and optimization of adjuvant endocrine treatment by reducing unnecessary toxic treatment while taking into account the
biological heterogeneity of HR+/HER2- breast cancer represents a clinical priority. There is therefore a significant need for the integration of biological biomarkers in the choice of adjuvant endocrine therapy beyond currently used clinicopathological characteristics. Several gene-expression assays have been
developed to identify patients with HR+/HER2- breast cancer who will not derive benefit from the addition of adjuvant chemotherapy. By enhancing risk stratification and predicting therapeutic response, genomic assays have also shown to be a promising tool for optimizing endocrine treatment decision. We here review evidence supporting the use of most common commercially available gene-expression assays (Oncotype DX, MammaPrint, Breast Cancer Index, Prosigna and EndoPredict) in tailoring adjuvant endocrine therapy. Available data on the use of genomic tests to inform extended adjuvant treatment choice based on the risk of late relapse and on the estimated benefit of a prolonged endocrine therapy are discussed. Moreover, preliminary evidence regarding the use of genomic assays to inform de-escalation of endocrine treatment, such as shorter durations or omission, for low risk patients are reviewed. Overall, gene expression assays
are emerging as potential tools to further personalize adjuvant treatment for patients with HR+/HER2- breast cancers.