Title: Utility of the 70-gene MammaPrint test for prediction of extended endocrine therapy benefit in patients with early-stage breast cancer in the IDEAL Trial

Publication: SABCS 2022, Abstract GS5-10

Authors: Gerrit-Jan Liefers; Elma Meershoek-Klein Kranenbarg; Marjolijn Duijm-de Carpentier; Cornelis J.H. van de Velde; Miranda Kleijn; Christa Dreezen; Andrea Menicucci; Laura van’t Veer; William Audeh

The IDEAL trial showed no significant benefit of 5 years extended endocrine therapy (EET) using letrozole in postmenopausal patients with hormone receptor positive (HR+) breast cancer (BC) versus 2.5 years. Genomic classifiers may assist with treatment decisions by predicting EET benefit. The 70-gene MammaPrint (MP) test classifies tumors as having a higher or lower risk of distant metastasis in HR+ early-stage BC. A MP lower risk result can be further classified as either Ultra-Low risk or Low risk of distant metastasis. In the NSABP B42 trial, MP predicted a statistically significant absolute benefit from EET in patients with a MP Low Risk result. Here, we aimed to determine the utility of MP in identifying a subgroup of patients enrolled in the IDEAL trial for which 5 years of EET is beneficial compared to 2.5 years.

A total of 869 patients had available primary tumor tissue for testing. MP results were available for 545/869 patients, of which 515 did not have an event at 2.5 year after randomization and were used for our analyses. The MP result for each patient was calculated by Agendia while blinded to patient clinical outcomes. The primary endpoint was distant recurrence (DR). Secondary endpoints were recurrence free interval (RFI) and breast cancer free interval (BCFI) as defined by STEEP criteria. Patients were classified as higher risk (score -1.000 – 0) or lower risk (score 0.001 – 1.000). Lower risk tumors were further classified as either MP Ultra-Low (score > 0.355) or MP Low Risk (score ≥ 0.001, ≤ 0.355). Likelihood ratio test based on stratified Cox proportional hazards (PH) model were used to evaluate treatment by risk group interaction. Differences in endpoints between treatment groups were assessed by stratified log-rank tests. Hazard ratios (HR) and 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) were computed based on the stratified Cox PH model.


The clinical characteristics of the 515 IDEAL samples with a MP result were comparable to the whole IDEAL cohort (n=1820). Within the 2.5 year EET group, 50.6% (n=134) were MP higher risk and 49.4% (n=131) MP lower risk, of which 14.5% (n=19/131) were MP Ultra-Low. Within the 5 year EET group, 50.0% (n=125) were MP higher risk and 50.0% (n=125) MP lower risk, of which 11.2% (n=14/125) were MP Ultra-Low. Among patients with MP lower risk tumors, 5 years vs. 2.5 years of EET resulted in a significant absolute benefit of 9.8% for DR (HR=0.42, [95% CI 0.174-0.996]), 9.8% for RFI (HR=0.43, [95% CI 0.198-0.934]), and 8.8% (HR=0.53, [95% CI 0.264-1.055]) for BCFI, whereas patients with MP higher risk tumors did not derive significant benefit (Table 1). Within the MP lower risk group, 5 year vs 2.5 year EET benefit was more pronounced in MP Low tumors, which exhibited a significant benefit of 10.1% for DR (HR=0.32, [95% CI 0.116-0.866]), 11.7% for RFI (HR=0.35, [95% CI 0.147-0.824]), and 9.7% for BCFI (HR=0.48, [95% CI 0.225-1.015]); MP Ultra Low tumors did not derive significant benefit. Treatment-by-risk group interaction was statistically significant for RFI.

A significant EET benefit was observed for MammaPrint lower risk tumors but not for MP higher risk tumors. MammaPrint Low tumors exhibited the largest absolute benefit of 5 years of EET compared to 2.5 years. Consistent with the findings in the NSABP B42 trial, the results from this second randomized trial provide clinically meaningful implications in patient selection for extended endocrine therapy.